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Völkel, J.* ; Grunert, J.* ; Leopold, M.* ; Hürkamp, K. ; Huber, J.* ; Murray, A.*

Eolian and fluvial sedimentation in the southwestern Sinai Mountains, Egypt: A record of flash floods during the late Pleistocene.

Hydrol. Res. 44, 281-299 (2013)
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Wadis emerging from the southeastern Sinai Mountains (Egypt) westwards to the Gulf of Suez are filled by >40m thick late Pleistocene sediments, which have been subsequently incised to bedrock after the LGM. Sedimentation and erosion resulted from changes in the basin's hydrological conditions caused by climate variations. Sediment characteristics indicate distinct processes ranging from high to low energy flow regimes. Airborne material is important as a sediment source. The fills are associated with alluvial fans at wadi mouths at the mountain fronts. Each alluvial fan is associated and physically correlated with the respective sediment fill in its contributing wadi. The alluvial fans have steep gradients and are only a few kilometers long or wide. The alluvial fans converge as they emerge from the adjacent valleys. According to OSL-dating, the initial sediment has an age of ~45ka and the sedimentation ends ~19ka, i.e. happened mainly during MIS3 and early MIS2 formation and initial incision sometimes during LGM. As the delivery of sediments in such a hyper-arid environment is by extreme floods, this study indicates an interval of intense fluvial activity, probably related to increased frequency of extreme floods in Southern Sinai. Potentially indicating a paleoclimatic change in this hyper-arid environment.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Alluvial Fans ; Flash Floods ; Late Pleistocene Climate ; Mis 3 ; Sinai Mountains ; Wadi Fillings; Stimulated Luminescence Components ; Regenerative-dose Protocol ; Negev Desert ; Israel ; Soils ; Rates
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0029-1277
e-ISSN 1996-9694
Zeitschrift Hydrology Research
Quellenangaben Band: 44, Heft: 2, Seiten: 281-299 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag IWA Publishing
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed