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Hahn, K.R. ; Prigarin, S.M.* ; Hasan, K.M.*

Fitting of two-tensor models without ad hoc assumptions to detect crossing fibers using clinical DWI data.

Magn. Reson. Imaging 31, 585-595 (2013)
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Analysis of crossing fibers is a challenging topic in recent diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). Resolving crossing fibers is expected to bring major changes to present tractography results based on the standard tensor model. Model free approaches, like Q-ball or diffusion spectrum imaging, as well as multi-tensor models are used to unfold the different diffusion directions mixed in a voxel of DWI data. Due to its seeming simplicity, the two-tensor model (M) is applied frequently to provide two positive-definite tensors and the relative population fraction modeling two crossing fiber branches. However, problems with uniqueness and noise instability are apparent. To stabilize the fit, several of the 13 physical parameters are fixed ad hoc, before fitting the model to the data. Our analysis of the M aims at fitting procedures where ad hoc parameters are avoided. Revealing sources of instability, we show that the model's inherent ambiguity can be reduced to one scalar parameter which only influences the fraction and the eigenvalues of the M, whereas the diffusion directions are not affected. Based on this, two fitting strategies are proposed: the parsimonious strategy detects the main diffusion directions without extra parameter fixation, to determine the eigenvalues and the population fraction an empirically motivated condition must be added. The expensive strategy determines all 13 physical parameters of the M by a fit to DWIs alone; no additional assumption is necessary. Ill-posedness of the model in case of noisy data is cured by denoising of the data and by L-curve regularization combined with global minimization performing a least-squares fit of the full model. By model simulations and real data applications, we demonstrate the feasibility of our fitting strategies and achieve convincing results. Using clinically affordable diffusion acquisition paradigms (encoding numbers: 21, 2*15, 2*21) and b values (b =500–1500s/mm2), this methodology can place the M parameters involved in crossing fibers on a more empirical basis than fitting procedures with technical assumptions.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Fiber crossing; Full two-tensor model; Ad hoc parameters; clinical DWI data; DTI; icosahedral; Diffusion Tensor Analysis ; Theoretical-analysis ; Optimization ; Validation ; Resolution ; Matter ; Mri
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0730-725X
e-ISSN 1873-5894
Quellenangaben Band: 31, Heft: 4, Seiten: 585-595 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Elsevier
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed