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Chemosphere 75, 707-713 (2009)
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Aim of this work was the development of a new non-biological factor to determine microbial in situ bioavailability of chemicals in soils. Pesticide residues were extracted from ten highly different agricultural soils that had been incubated with the C-14-herbicide isoproturon (IPU) under comparable soil conditions (water tension - 15 kPa; soil density 1.3 g cm(-3)). Two different pesticide extraction approaches were compared: (i) C-14-pesticide residues were measured in the pore water (PW) which was extracted from soil by centrifugation; (ii) C-14-pesticide residues were extracted from soil samples with an excess of water (EEW). We introduce the pesticide's in situ mass distribution quotient (iMDQ) as a measure for pesticide bioavailability, which is calculated as a quotient of adsorbed and dissolved chemical amounts for both approaches (iMDQ(PW), iMDQ(EEW)). Pesticide mineralization in soils served as a reference for real microbial availability. A highly significant correlation between iMDQ(PW) and mineralization showed that PW extraction is adequate to assess IPU bioavailability. In contrast, no correlation exists between IPU mineralization and ist extractability from soil with EEW. Therefore, it can be concluded that soil equilibration at comparable conditions and subsequent PW extraction is vital for a isoproturon bioavailability ranking of soils.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Microbial availability; Pore water extraction; Pesticide mineralization; Metabolism; Metabolomics; microbial mineralization; subcritical water; contaminated soil; degradation; isoproturon; model; bioaccessibility; availability; herbicides; sediment
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0045-6535
Quellenangaben Band: 75, Heft: 6, Seiten: 707-713
Verlagsort Kidlington, Oxford
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed