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Health effects of chronic noise exposure in pregnancy and childhood: A systematic review initiated by ENRIECO.
Int. J. Hyg. Environ. Health 216, 217-229 (2013)
BACKGROUND: Chronic noise is an environmental pollutant and well-known to cause annoyance and sleep disturbance. Its association with clinical and subclinical adverse health effects has been discussed. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to examine associations between chronic noise exposure during pregnancy or childhood and health outcomes in early and late childhood. METHODS: Following a systematic electronic literature search (MEDLINE, EMBASE), an additional hand search and a critical evaluation of potential articles by 2 independent reviewers, 29 studies were included: 12 on pregnancy/birth outcomes with samples ranging from 115 to 22,761 and 17 on cardiovascular and immune-mediated health outcomes in childhood with samples ranging from 43 to 1542. Evidence levels (3 to 2++) were rated according to the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network. RESULTS: Chronic noise exposure during pregnancy was not associated with birth weight, preterm birth, congenital anomalies, perinatal and neonatal death based on 6 cohort, 4 case-control, and 2 cross-sectional studies (highest evidence level 2+). There was some evidence supporting an association of chronic noise exposure with increased systolic blood pressure and stress hormone levels in urine and saliva in children evaluating 2 cohort and 15 cross-sectional studies (highest evidence level 2-). CONCLUSIONS: There seemed to be no associations between chronic noise and pregnancy outcomes based on studies with evidence levels up to 2+. Associations between chronic noise and health in children were based mainly on cross-sectional studies. However, the studies included in this comprehensive systematic review showed a high variation in study design, outcome, exposure and confounder assessments.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Review
Keywords Chronic Noise ; Noise Exposure ; Pregnancy ; Birth Outcomes ; Paediatric Outcomes ; Children ; Adolescents; Road-traffic Noise ; Aircraft Noise ; Blood-pressure ; Environmental Noise ; Occupational Noise ; Heart-rate ; Myocardial-infarction ; Preschool-children ; Prospective Cohort ; Birth-weight
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1438-4639
Quellenangaben Volume: 216, Issue: 3, Pages: 217-229
Publishing Place Amsterdam ; Boston, Mass. ; London ; New York, NY ; Oxford ; Paris ; Philadelphia, Pa. ; San Diego, Calif. ; St. Louis, Mo. ; München
Reviewing status Peer reviewed
Institute(s) Institute of Epidemiology (EPI)