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Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 76, 4703-4712 (2010)
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The root disease take-all, caused by Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici, can be managed by monoculture-induced take-all decline (TAD). This natural biocontrol mechanism typically occurs after a take-all outbreak and is believed to arise from an enrichment of antagonistic populations in the rhizosphere. However, it is not known whether these changes are induced by the monoculture or by ecological rhizosphere conditions due to a disease outbreak and subsequent attenuation. This question was addressed by comparing the rhizosphere microflora of barley, either inoculated with the pathogen or noninoculated, in a microcosm experiment in five consecutive vegetation cycles. TAD occurred in soil inoculated with the pathogen but not in noninoculated soil. Bacterial community analysis using terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism of 16S rRNA showed pronounced population shifts in the successive vegetation cycles, but pathogen inoculation had little effect. To elucidate rhizobacterial dynamics during TAD development, a 16S rRNA-based taxonomic microarray was used. Actinobacteria were the prevailing indicators in the first vegetation cycle, whereas the third cycle-affected most severely by take-all-was characterized by Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Chloroflexi, Planctomycetes, and Acidobacteria. Indicator taxa for the last cycle (TAD) belonged exclusively to Proteobacteria, including several genera with known biocontrol traits. Our results suggest that TAD involves monoculture-induced enrichment of plant-beneficial taxa.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Antibiosis; Ascomycota/pathogenicity*; Bacteria/classification*; Bacteria/genetics; Bacteria/growth & development; Bacteria/isolation & purification*; Biodiversity*; Cluster Analysis; DNA; Bacterial/chemistry; DNA; Bacterial/genetics; DNA; Ribosomal/chemistry; DNA; Ribosomal/genetics; Hordeum/microbiology*; Microarray Analysis; Phylogeny; Plant Diseases/microbiology*; Plant Roots/microbiology*; RNA; Ribosomal; 16S/genetics; Sequence Analysis; DANN
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0099-2240
Zeitschrift Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Quellenangaben Band: 76, Heft: 14, Seiten: 4703-4712
Verlag American Society for Microbiology (ASM)
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed