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Seiler, A. ; Schneider, M. ; Förster, H. ; Roth, S.* ; Wirth, E.K.* ; Culmsee, C.* ; Plesnila, N.* ; Kremmer, E.* ; Radmark, O. ; Wurst, W. ; Bornkamm, G.W. ; Schweizer, U.* ; Conrad, M.

Glutathione peroxidase 4 senses and translates oxidative stress into 12/15-lipoxygenase dependent- and AIF-Mediated cell death.

Cell Metab. 8, 237-248 (2008)
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Oxidative stress in conjunction with glutathione depletion has been linked with various acute and chronic degenerative disorders, yet the molecular mechanisms have remained unclear. In contrast to the belief that oxygen radicals are detrimental to cells and tissues by unspecific oxidation of essential biomolecules, we now demonstrate that oxidative stress is sensed and transduced by glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPx4) into a-yet-unrecognized cell-death pathway. Inducible GPx4 inactivation in mice and cells revealed 12/15-lipoxygenase-derived lipid peroxidation as specific downstream event, triggering apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF)-mediated cell death. Cell death could be entirely prevented either by alpha-tocopherol (alpha-Toc), 12/15-lipoxygenase inhibitors, or siRNA-mediated AIF silencing. Accordingly, 12/15-/ipoxygenase-deficient cells were highly resistant to glutathione depletion. Neuron-specific GPx4 depletion caused neurodegeneration in vivo and ex vivo, highlighting the importance of this pathway in neuronal cells. Since oxidative stress is common in the etiology of many human disorders, the identified pathway reveals promising targets for future therapies.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords humdisease; signaling
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1550-4131
e-ISSN 1932-7420
Journal Cell Metabolism
Quellenangaben Volume: 8, Issue: 3, Pages: 237-248 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher Elsevier
Reviewing status Peer reviewed