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Induction of tumor cell apoptosis or necrosis by conditional expression of cell death proteins: Analysis of cell death pathways and in vitro immune stimulatory potential.
J. Immunol. 182, 4538-4546 (2009)
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For the efficient stimulation of T cells by tumor Ag, tumor-derived material has to be presented by dendritic cells (DC). This very likely involves the uptake of dead tumor cells by DC. Cell death in tumors often occurs through apoptosis, but necrotic cell death may also be prevalent. This distinction is relevant because numerous studies have proposed that apoptotic cells have immunosuppressive effects while necrosis may be stimulatory. However, a system has been lacking that would allow the induction of apoptosis or necrosis without side effects by the death stimuli used experimentally. In this study, we present such a system and test its effects on immune cells in vitro. B16 mouse melanoma cells were generated and underwent cell death through the doxycycline-inducible induction of death proteins. In one cell line, the induction of Bim(S), induced rapid apoptosis, in the other line the induction of the FADD death domain induced nonapoptotic/necrotic cell death. Bim(S)-induced apoptosis was associated with the typical morphological and biochemical changes. FADD death domain induced necrosis occurred through a distinct pathway involving RIP1 and the loss of membrane integrity in the absence of apoptotic changes. Apoptotic and necrotic cells were taken up with comparable efficiency by DC. OVA expressed in cells dying by either apoptosis or necrosis was cross-presented to OT-1 T cells and induced their proliferation. These results argue that it is not the form of cell death but its circumstances that decide the question whether cell death leads to a productive T cell response.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter dendritic cells; bcl-2 proteins; kinase rip; macrophages; domain; necrostatins; activation; mechanisms; chlamydia; responses
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0022-1767
Zeitschrift Journal of Immunology
Quellenangaben Band: 182, Heft: 8, Seiten: 4538-4546
Verlag American Association of Immunologists
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed