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Peters, A. ; Greven, S. ; Heid, I.M. ; Baldari, F.* ; Breitner, S. ; Bellander, T.* ; Chrysohoou, C.* ; Illig, T. ; Jacquemin, B.* ; Koenig, W.* ; Lanki, T.* ; Nyberg, F.* ; Pekkanen, J.* ; Pistelli, R.* ; Rückerl, R. ; Stefanadis, C.* ; Schneider, A.E. ; Sunyer, J.* ; Wichmann, H.-E.

Fibrinogen genes modify the fibrinogen response to ambient particulate matter.

Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 179, 484-491 (2009)
Open Access Green as soon as Postprint is submitted to ZB.
Rationale: Ambient particulate matter has been associated with systemic inflammation indicated by blood markers such as fibrinogen, implicated in promoting atherothrombosis. Objectives: This study evaluated whether single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the fibrinogen genes modified the relationship between ambient particles and plasma fibrinogen. Methods: In 854 myocardial infarction survivors from five European cities plasma fibrinogen levels were determined repeatedly (n = 5,082). City-specific analyses were conducted to assess the impact of particulate matter on fibrinogen levels, applying additive mixed models adjusting for patient characteristics, time trend, and weather. City-specific estimates were pooled by meta-analysis methodology. Measurements and Main Results: Seven SNPs in the FGA and FGB genes shown to be associated with differences in fibrinogen levels were selected. Promoter SNPs within FGA and FG8 were associated with modifications of the relationship between 5-day averages of particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter below 10 mu m (PM10) and plasma fibrinogen levels. The PM10-fibrinogen relationship for subjects with the homozygous minor allele genotype of FGB rs1800790 compared with subjects homozygous for the major allele was eightfold higher (P value for the interaction, 0.037). Conclusions: The data suggest that susceptibility to ambient particulate matter may be partly genetically determined by polymorphisms that alter early physiological responses such as transcription of fibrinogen. Subjects with variants of these frequent SNPs may have increased risks not only due to constitutionally higher fibrinogen concentrations, but also due to an augmented response to environmental inflammatory stimuli such as ambient particulate matter.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords air pollution; inflammation; genetic susceptibility; epidemiology; particulate matter; myocardial-infarction survivors; coronary-heart-disease; long-term exposure; s-transferase m1; air-pollution; plasma-fibrinogen; oxidative stress; environment interaction; cardiovascular-disease; ultrafine particles
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1073-449X
e-ISSN 1535-4970
Quellenangaben Volume: 179, Issue: 6, Pages: 484-491 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher American Thoracic Society
Reviewing status Peer reviewed