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Kirchner, M. ; Faus-Kessler, T. ; Jakobi, G. ; Levy, W. ; Henkelmann, B. ; Bernhöft, S. ; Kotalik, J. ; Zsolnay, A. ; Bassan, R.* ; Belis, C.* ; Kräuchi, N.* ; Moche, W.* ; Simonciic, P.* ; Uhl, M.* ; Weiss, P.* ; Schramm, K.-W.

Vertical distribution of organochlorine pesticides in humus along Alpine altitudinal profiles in relation to ambiental parameters.

Environ. Pollut. 157, 3238-3247 (2009)
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In forest soils along vertical profiles located in different parts of the Alps, concentrations of persistent organic pollutants (POPs), namely organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) like dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethanes (DDTs), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCH), heptachlor, aldrin, dieldrin and mirex, were measured. Though local characteristics of the sites are influenced by numerous factors like orographic and meteorological parameters, forest stand characteristics and humus parameters, we ascertained a marked vertical increase of concentrations of some organochlorine compounds in the soil. On the basis of climatological values of each site, we found that the contamination increase with altitude can be ascribed to a certain ‘cold condensation effect’. In addition, the perennial atmospheric deposition of POPs is controlled by precipitation. Other key parameters explaining the accumulation of POPs are the soil organic carbon stocks, the turnover times, the re-volatilisation and degradation processes, which vary with altitude. Caused by temperature-dependent processes regarding deposition, re-volatilization and decomposition of POPs, the concentration of organochlorine pesticides varies in the Alpine region with altitude.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter HCH; HCB; DDT; Forest soil; Vertical gradient; Soil organic carbon; Temperature; Precipitation
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0269-7491
e-ISSN 1873-6424
Quellenangaben Band: 157, Heft: 12, Seiten: 3238-3247 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Elsevier
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed