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Controlled inoculation of Norway spruce (Picea abies) with Sirococcus conigenus: PCR-based quantification of the pathogen in host tissue and infection-related increase of phenolic metabolites.
Trees-Struct. Funct. 14, 435-441 (2000)
Controlled inoculation of spruce seedling needle crowns and of shoots of 4-year-old spruce trees by Sirococcus conigenus led to disease symptoms (discoloration and necrosis) and to the induction of phenolic metabolites. Even upon complete infection, as proved by reisolation of the pathogen from inoculated seedlings, only 40% of the plants developed visible disease symptoms after 38 days. A Sirococcus-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) primer pair, SIRO1 and SIRO6, was designed based on sequences of a RAPD fragment. The primer pair permitted the detection of 1 pg fungal DNA (10-40 genomes) in 1 mg fresh weight spruce tissues (needles, bark, wood), regardless of visible disease symptoms. The amounts of the major phenolic compound of spruce needles, catechin, increased significantly in all of the five spruce provenances as a response to inoculation with Sirococcus. The second major phenolic compound, picein, increased in three of the provenances, whereas the remaining two had high concentrations to begin with and showed no reaction. Minor phenolic compounds increased in response to infection regardless of provenance. In a preliminary field study, Sirococcus infection of spruce was detectable by PCR even in the presence of massive infection by other fungi, such as Rhizospaera spp. and Lophodermium spp.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Sicococcus shoot blight Controlled inoculation PCR detection PCR quantification
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0931-1890
Journal Trees - Structure and Function
Quellenangaben Volume: 14, Pages: 435-441
Publishing Place Berlin ; Heidelberg ; New York
Reviewing status Peer reviewed
Institute(s) Institute of Biochemical Plant Pathology (BIOP)