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Kummermehr, J.C. ; Malinen, E.* ; Freykowski, S. ; Sund, M. ; Trott, K.-R.*

The influence of autologous tumor fibroblasts on the radiosensitivity of squamous cell carcinoma megacolonies.

Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys. 50, 229-237 (2001)
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Purpose: To study the influence of tumor fibroblasts on radiosensitivity and stem cell fraction of tumor cells in squamous cell carcinoma megacolonies by determining colony cure and clonogen survival, Methods and Materials: Murine squamous cell carcinoma cells (AT478c) grown as flat but multilayered megacolonies were co-cultured with pre-irradiated tumor fibroblasts derived from the same carcinoma, and irradiated with 1, 2, 4, or 8 fractions. Recurrent clones and their growth pattern in situ were recorded. From megacolony cure data and clonogen survival data, the clonogen number and the parameters of cellular radiosensitivity were calculated, Results: The curability of the co-cultured megacolonies, as determined by TCD50 values, was significantly increased compared to the megacolonies without fibroblasts (p < 0.01). Both the megacolony cure and clonogen survival data suggested a decrease of the clonogen fraction in the so-cultured megacolonies, Conclusion: The presence of tumor fibroblasts increases megacolony radiosensitivity. This is due to a decrease in the fraction of clonogens in the tumor megacolony, apparently caused by a downregulation of the stem cell fraction of the tumor cells.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter squamous cell carcinoma cells; megacolony system; tumor cell fibroblast interaction; fractionation response; radiosensitivity; IN-VITRO; GROWTH; CULTURES; STROMA
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0360-3016
e-ISSN 0360-3016
Zeitschrift International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Quellenangaben Band: 50, Heft: 1, Seiten: 229-237 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Elsevier
Begutachtungsstatus