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Quality of life several years after myocardial infarction: Comparing the MONICA/KORA registry to the general population.

Eur. Heart J. 30, 436-443 (2009)
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The aim of this study was to assess the impact of myocardial infarction (MI) on health-related quality of life (HRQL) in MI survivors measured by EuroQol (EQ-5D) and to compare it with the general population. A follow-up study of all MI survivors included in the MONICA/KORA registry was performed. About 2950 (67.1%) patients responded. Moderate or severe problems were most frequent in EQ-5D dimension pain/discomfort (55.0%), anxiety/depression (29.2%), and mobility (27.9%). Mean EQ VAS score was 65.8 (SD 18.5). Main predictors of lower HRQL included older age, diabetes, increasing body mass index, current smoking, and experience of re-infarction. Type of revascularizational treatment showed no impact on HRQL. Compared with the general population, adjusted EQ VAS was 6.2 (95% confidence interval 3.4-8.9) points lower in 45-year-old MI patients converging with growing age up to the age of 80. With regard to HRQL dimensions, MI survivors had a significantly higher risk of incurring problems in the dimension pain/discomfort, usual activities, and especially in anxiety/depression which was more pronounced in younger age. Mobility was the single dimension, in which MI showed an inverse effect. MI is combined with significant reduction in HRQL compared with the general population. The main impairments occur in the dimension pain/discomfort, usual activities, and particularly anxiety/depression. The relative impairment decreases with higher ages.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Health-related quality of life; EQ-5D; Myocardial infarction; KORA; Health utilities; Germany; euroqol questionnaire; health; medicine; disease
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0195-668X
e-ISSN 1522-9645
Zeitschrift European Heart Journal
Quellenangaben Band: 30, Heft: 4, Seiten: 436-443 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Oxford University Press
Begutachtungsstatus