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Daniel, C.* ; Schröder, O.* ; Zahn, N.* ; Gaschott, T.* ; Steinhilber, D.* ; Stein, J.M.*

The TGFbeta/Smad 3-signaling pathway is involved in butyrate-mediated vitamin D receptor (VDR)-expression.

J. Cell. Biochem. 102, 1420-1431 (2007)
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Previously, we demonstrated the pivotal role of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) in mediating the butyrate-induced differentiation in colon cancer cells. Smad 3, a downstream component of transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) signaling, has been shown to act as a coactivator of VDR and to possibly regulate the vitamin D signaling pathway. In this study, we demonstrate a distinct impact of the TGFbeta/Smad 3-signaling pathway in the butyrate-mediated VDR expression and induction of differentiation. Butyrate treatment resulted in a significant induction of the phosphorylation level of Smad 3, while the combination of butyrate and a specific TGFbeta1-antibody or a TGFbeta-receptor inhibitor considerably diminished the butyrate-induced upregulation of VDR expression. Using a specific inhibitor, we were also able to demonstrate an involvement of the p38 MAPK in the increase of Smad 3 phosphorylation following butyrate treatment, thus opening the view to further elucidate possible mechanisms mediating the upregulation of VDR expression following butyrate treatment in colon cancer cells.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Reviewing status