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Maier, W. ; Holle, R. ; Hunger, M. ; Peters, A. ; Meisinger, C. ; Greiser, K.H.* ; Kluttig, A.* ; Völzke, H.* ; Schipf, S.* ; Moebus, S.* ; Bokhof, B.* ; Berger, K.* ; Mueller, G.* ; Rathmann, W.* ; Tamayo, T.* ; Mielck, A.

The impact of regional deprivation and individual socio-economic status on the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in Germany. A pooled analysis of five population-based studies.

Diabetic Med. 30, 78-86 (2013)
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Aim Our objective was to test the hypothesis that the prevalence of Type2 diabetes increases with increasing regional deprivation even after controlling for individual socio-economic status. Methods We pooled cross-sectional data from five German population-based studies. The data set contained information on n=11688 study participants (men 50.1%) aged 4574years, of whom 1008 people had prevalent Type2 diabetes (men 56.2%). Logistic multilevel regression was performed to estimate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for diabetes prevalence. We controlled for sex, age and lifestyle risk factors, individual socio-economic status and regional deprivation, based on a new small-area deprivation measure, the German Index of Multiple Deprivation. Results Adjusted for sex, age, body mass index (BMI), physical activity, smoking status and alcohol consumption, the prevalence of Type2 diabetes showed a stepwise increase in risk with increasing area deprivation [OR1.88 (95%CI 1.163.04) in quintile4 and OR2.14 (95%CI 1.293.55) in quintile5 compared with the least deprived quintile1], even after controlling for individual socio-economic status. Focusing on individual socio-economic status alone, the risk of having diabetes was significantly higher for low compared with medium or high educational level [OR1.46 (95%CI 1.241.71)] and for the lowest compared with the highest income group [OR1.53 (95%CI 1.181.99)]. Conclusion Regional deprivation plays a significant part in the explanation of diabetes prevalence in Germany independently of individual socio-economic status. The results of the present study could help to target public health measures in deprived regions.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Small-area Level ; Multiple Deprivation ; Multilevel Analysis ; Life-course ; Low-income ; Health ; Mellitus ; Risk ; Association ; Inequalities
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0742-3071
e-ISSN 1464-5491
Quellenangaben Volume: 30, Issue: 3, Pages: 78-86 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher Wiley
Reviewing status Peer reviewed