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Semaphorin 3A-Neuropilin-1 signaling regulates peripheral axon fasciculation and pathfinding but not developmental cell death patterns.

Eur. J. Neurosci. 31, 1164-1172 (2010)
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In early development, an excess of neurons is generated, of which later about half will be lost by cell death due to a limited supply of trophic support by their respective target areas. However, some of the neurons die when their axons have not yet reached their target, thus suggesting that additional causes of developmental cell death exist. Semaphorin 3A (Sema3A), in addition to its function as a guidance cue and mediator of timing and fasciculation of motor and sensory axon outgrowth, can also induce death of sensory neurons in vitro. However, it is unknown whether Neuropilin-1 (Npn-1), its binding receptor in axon guidance, also mediates the death-inducing activity. We show here that abolished Sema3A-Npn-1 signaling does not influence the cell death patterns of motor or sensory neurons in mouse during the developmental wave of programmed cell death. The number of motor and sensory neurons was unchanged at embryonic day 15.5 when this wave is concluded. Interestingly, the defasciculation of early motor and sensory projections that is observed in the absence of Sema3A or Npn-1 persists to postnatal stages. Thus, Sema3A-Npn-1 signaling plays an important role in the guidance and fasciculation of motor and sensory axons but does not contribute to the developmental elimination of these neurons.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Apoptosis; Axon guidance; Fasciculation; Motoneurons; Mouse; Sensory neurons
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0953-816X
e-ISSN 1460-9568
Quellenangaben Band: 31, Heft: 7, Seiten: 1164-1172 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Wiley
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed