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Klöcker, U.* ; Oberwinkler, H.* ; Kürschner, T.* ; Protzer, U.*

Presence of replicating virus in recombinant hepadnavirus stocks results from recombination and can be eliminated by the use of a packaging cell line.

J. Virol. 77, 2873-2881 (2003)
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Mutant hepatitis B viruses are useful tools to study the viral life cycle and viral pathogenesis. Furthermore, recombinant hepatitis B viruses are candidate vectors for liver-directed gene therapy. Because wild-type viruses present in recombinant or mutant virus stocks may falsify experimental results and are detrimental for a viral vector, we investigated whether and to what extent wild-type virus is present in recombinant virus stocks and where it originates from. We took advantage of the duck model of hepatitis B virus infection which allows very sensitive detection of replication-competent viruses by infection of primary duck hepatocytes or of ducklings in vivo. Recombinant hepatitis B virus stocks contained significant amounts of wild-type viruses, which were most probably generated by homologous recombination between plasmids containing homologous viral sequences. In addition, replication-competent viral genomes were reconstituted from plasmids which contained replication-deficient but redundant viral sequences. Using a stable cell line for packaging of deficient viral genomes, no wild-type virus was detected, neither by infection of primary hepatocytes nor in vivo.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0022-538X
e-ISSN 1098-5514
Zeitschrift Journal of Virology
Quellenangaben Band: 77, Heft: 5, Seiten: 2873-2881 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag American Society for Microbiology (ASM)
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed