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Buchkremer, G.* ; Klingberg, S.* ; Holle, R. ; Schulze Mönking, H.* ; Hornung, W.P.*

Psychoeducational psychotherapy for schizophrenic patients and their key relatives or care-givers: Results of a 2-year follow-up.

Acta Psychiatr. Scand. 96, 483-491 (1997)
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Psychoeducational medication management training (PMT), cognitive psychotherapy (CP) and key-person counselling (KC) were carried out in various combinations in this randomized, controlled intervention study of schizophrenic out-patients (according to DSM-III-R). Special design characteristics of the study were a control group consisting of non-specifically treated patients and a 2-year follow-up after completion of treatment in order to evaluate medium-term effects. A total of 132 patients underwent a follow-up examination 2 years after completion of treatment and were evaluated with an intention-to-treat approach. In the second follow-up year, all treatment groups had lower but not significantly different relapse rates compared to the control group. The most intensive treatment (PMT+CP+KC) produces a clinically relevant reduction in rehospitalization rate (a 26% reduction compared to the control group). In comparison with the non-specifically treated control group, whose original effect decreased, at least a medium-term therapeutic effect was recorded in the treatment groups.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter schizophrenia; psychoeducation; medication management; cognitive psychotherapy; relapse prevention; FAMILY MANAGEMENT; CONTROLLED TRIAL; PREVENTION; RELAPSE; INTERVENTION; ILLNESS
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0001-690X
e-ISSN 1600-0447
Zeitschrift Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Quellenangaben Band: 96, Heft: 6, Seiten: 483-491 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Wiley