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Schultz-Hector, S. ; Brechenmacher, P.* ; Dörr, W. ; Grab, J.* ; Kallfass, E. ; Krimmel, K.* ; Kummermehr, J. ; Sund, M. ; Wilkowski, R.* ; Willich, N.* ; Zaspel, J.* ; Krämling, H.-J.*

Complications of combined intraoperative radiation (IORT) and external radiation (ERT) of the upper abdomen: An experimental model.

Radiother. Oncol. 38, 205-214 (1996)
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An experimental model in the rabbit is presented which is suitable for analysis of clinically relevant, early side-effects of combined upper abdominal IORT and ERT. Fractionated ERT alone given through an upper abdominal a.-p. field including the entire stomach caused gastric ulcerations within < or = 58 days. Latent times decreased with increasing dose and the ED50 for occurrence of ulcers was 39 +/- 3.3 Gy. Single doses of IORT of 20-40 Gy alone administered through a 2-cm diameter field localized on the coeliac axis and carefully excluding any intestinal mucosa caused neither gastric ulcerations nor other clinical symptoms. When ERT with 40 Gy was preceded by IORT with 20-40 Gy or by sham IORT, 13 out of 15 animals developed ulcers after latent times which in a life-table analysis were shown to be significantly shorter than after ERT alone. However, a statistically significant IORT dose-dependence of latent time or incidence of ulcers could not be demonstrated in the present experiment. The most significant histological changes were observed in the areas of gastric ulcers. Already during ERT, the mucosal epithelium was depleted and regenerative activity was evident in spite of ongoing fractionated irradiation. However, profound irregularities in glandular structure and distribution, as well as number of proliferating epithelial cells were still present in healed ulcers at 80 days. In summary, IORT to the coeliac artery did precipitate the development of gastric ulcers induced by subsequent ERT. On the one hand, the data indicate that the surgical procedure of IORT did contribute to this effect. On the other hand, IORT to the coeliac artery could cause transient, functional alterations in blood supply to the depending organs, i.e. the stomach, and could thus precipitate the development of radiation-induced ulcers.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter IORT; upper abdominal ERT; radiation injury to gastric mucosa; gastric ulceration; radiation effect on arteries; MUCOSAL BLOOD-FLOW; PEPTIC-ULCER; IRRADIATION; RADIOTHERAPY; STOMACH; THERAPY; CARCINOMA; PANCREAS; CANCER; TRIAL
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0167-8140
e-ISSN 1879-0887
Zeitschrift Radiotherapy and Oncology
Quellenangaben Band: 38, Heft: 3, Seiten: 205-214 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Elsevier