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Meinel, F.G.* ; Schwab, F.* ; Schleede, S.* ; Bech, M.* ; Herzen, J.* ; Achterhold, K.* ; Auweter, S.* ; Bamberg, F.* ; Yildirim, A.Ö. ; Bohla, A. ; Eickelberg, O. ; Loewen, R.* ; Gifford, M.* ; Ruth, R.* ; Reiser, M.F.* ; Pfeiffer, F.* ; Nikolaou, K.*

Diagnosing and mapping pulmonary emphysema on X-ray projection images: Incremental value of grating-based X-ray dark-field imaging.

PLoS ONE 8:e59526 (2013)
Verlagsversion Volltext DOI
Open Access Gold
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
Purpose: To assess whether grating-based X-ray dark-field imaging can increase the sensitivity of X-ray projection images in the diagnosis of pulmonary emphysema and allow for a more accurate assessment of emphysema distribution. Materials and Methods: Lungs from three mice with pulmonary emphysema and three healthy mice were imaged ex vivo using a laser-driven compact synchrotron X-ray source. Median signal intensities of transmission (T), dark-field (V) and a combined parameter (normalized scatter) were compared between emphysema and control group. To determine the diagnostic value of each parameter in differentiating between healthy and emphysematous lung tissue, a receiver-operating-characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed both on a per-pixel and a per-individual basis. Parametric maps of emphysema distribution were generated using transmission, dark-field and normalized scatter signal and correlated with histopathology. Results: Transmission values relative to water were higher for emphysematous lungs than for control lungs (1.11 vs. 1.06, p<0.001). There was no difference in median dark-field signal intensities between both groups (0.66 vs. 0.66). Median normalized scatter was significantly lower in the emphysematous lungs compared to controls (4.9 vs. 10.8, p<0.001), and was the best parameter for differentiation of healthy vs. emphysematous lung tissue. In a per-pixel analysis, the area under the ROC curve (AUC) for the normalized scatter value was significantly higher than for transmission (0.86 vs. 0.78, p<0.001) and dark-field value (0.86 vs. 0.52, p<0.001) alone. Normalized scatter showed very high sensitivity for a wide range of specificity values (94% sensitivity at 75% specificity). Using the normalized scatter signal to display the regional distribution of emphysema provides color-coded parametric maps, which show the best correlation with histopathology. Conclusion: In a murine model, the complementary information provided by X-ray transmission and dark-field images adds incremental diagnostic value in detecting pulmonary emphysema and visualizing its regional distribution as compared to conventional X-ray projections.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Phase-contrast Tomography ; Volume Reduction Surgery ; Lung Densitometry ; Alpha(1)-antitrypsin Deficiency ; Augmentation Therapy ; Computed-tomography ; Ct Densitometry ; Tube Source ; Disease ; Chest
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1932-6203
Zeitschrift PLoS ONE
Quellenangaben Band: 8, Heft: 3, Seiten: , Artikelnummer: e59526 Supplement: ,
Verlag Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Verlagsort Lawrence, Kan.
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed