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Kuwabara, T.* ; Hsieh, J.* ; Muotri, A.* ; Yeo, G.* ; Warashina, M.* ; Lie, D.C. ; Moore, L.* ; Nakashima, K.* ; Asashima, M.* ; Gage, F.H.*

Wnt-mediated activation of NeuroD1 and retro-elements during adult neurogenesis.

Nat. Neurosci. 12, 1097-1105 (2009)
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In adult hippocampus, new neurons are continuously generated from neural stem cells (NSCs), but the molecular mechanisms regulating adult neurogenesis remain elusive. We found that Wnt signaling, together with the removal of Sox2, triggered the expression of NeuroD1 in mice. This transcriptional regulatory mechanism was dependent on a DNA element containing overlapping Sox2 and T-cell factor/lymphoid enhancer factor (TCF/LEF)-binding sites (Sox/LEF) in the promoter. Notably, Sox/LEF sites were also found in long interspersed nuclear element 1 (LINE-1) elements, consistent with their critical roles in the transition of NSCs to proliferating neuronal progenitors. Our results describe a previously unknown Wnt-mediated regulatory mechanism that simultaneously coordinates activation of NeuroD1 and LINE-1, which is important for adult neurogenesis and survival of neuronal progenitors. Moreover, the discovery that LINE-1 retro-elements embedded in the mammalian genome can function as bi-directional promoters suggests that Sox/LEF regulatory sites may represent a general mechanism, at least in part, for relaying environmental signals to other nearby loci to promote adult hippocampal neurogenesis.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter dentate gyrus; progenitor cells; beta-catenin; hippocampal neurogenesis; lentiviral vector; cerebral-cortex; granule cells; stem-cells; in-vivo; gene
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1097-6256
e-ISSN 1546-1726
Zeitschrift Nature Neuroscience
Quellenangaben Band: 12, Heft: 9, Seiten: 1097-1105 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Nature Publishing Group
Verlagsort NEW YORK
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed