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Improving care of post-infarct patients: Effects of disease management programmes and care according to international guidelines.
Clin. Res. Cardiol. 103, 237-245 (2014)
BACKGROUND: Cardiac disease management programmes (CHD-DMPs) and secondary cardiovascular prevention guidelines aim to improve complex care of post-myocardial infarction (MI) patients. In Germany, CHD-DMPs, in addition to incorporating medical care according to guidelines (guideline-care), also ensure regular quarterly follow-up. Thus, our aim was to examine whether CHD-DMPs increase the frequency of guideline-care and whether CHD-DMPs and guideline-care improve survival over 4 years. METHODS: The study included 975 post-MI patients, registered by the KORA-MI Registry (Augsburg, Germany), who completed a questionnaire in 2006. CHD-DMP enrolment was reported by physicians. Guideline-care was based on patient reports regarding medical advice (smoking, diet, or exercise) and prescribed medications (statins and platelet aggregation inhibitors plus beta-blockers or renin-angiotensin inhibitors). All-cause mortality until December 31, 2010 was based on municipal registration data. Cox regression analyses were adjusted for age, sex, education, years since last MI, and smoking and diabetes. RESULTS: Physicians reported that 495 patients were CHD-DMP participants. CHD-DMP participation increased the likelihood of receiving guideline-care (odds ratio 1.55, 95 % CI 1.20; 2.02) but did not significantly improve survival (hazard rate 0.90, 95 % CI 0.64-1.27). Guideline-care significantly improved survival (HR 0.41, 95 % CI 0.28; 0.59). Individual guideline-care components, which significantly improved survival, were beta-blockers, statins and platelet aggregation inhibitors. However, these improved survival less than guideline-care. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that CHD-DMPs increase the likelihood of guideline care and that guideline care is the important component of CHD-DMPs for increasing survival. A relatively high percentage of usual care patients receiving guideline-care indicate high quality of care of post-MI patients. Reasons for not implementing guideline-care should be investigated.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Disease management; Coronary disease; Secondary prevention; Coronary-heart-disease; Randomized Controlled-trial; Myocardial-infarction; Secondary Prevention; Ace-inhibitor
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1861-0684
Zeitschrift Clinical Research in Cardiology
Quellenangaben Band: 103, Heft: 3, Seiten: 237-245
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed