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Meinel, F.G.* ; Schwab, F.* ; Yaroshenko, A.* ; Velroyen, A.* ; Bech, M.* ; Hellbach, K.* ; Fuchs, J.* ; Stiewe, T.* ; Yildirim, A.Ö. ; Bamberg, F.* ; Reiser, M.F.* ; Pfeiffer, F.* ; Nikolaou, K.*

Lung tumors on multimodal radiographs derived from grating-based X-ray imaging - a feasibility study.

Phys. Med. 30, 352-357 (2014)
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PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess whether grating-based X-ray imaging may have a role in imaging of pulmonary nodules on radiographs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A mouse lung containing multiple lung tumors was imaged using a small-animal scanner with a conventional X-ray source and a grating interferometer for phase-contrast imaging. We qualitatively compared the signal characteristics of lung nodules on transmission, dark-field and phase-contrast images. Furthermore, we quantitatively compared signal characteristics of lung tumors and the adjacent lung tissue and calculated the corresponding contrast-to-noise ratios. RESULTS: Of the 5 tumors visualized on the transmission image, 3/5 tumors were clearly visualized and 1 tumor was faintly visualized in the dark-field image as areas of decreased small angle scattering. In the phase-contrast images, 3/5 tumors were clearly visualized, while the remaining 2 tumors were faintly visualized by the phase-shift occurring at their edges. No additional tumors were visualized in either the dark-field or phase-contrast images. Compared to the adjacent lung tissue, lung tumors were characterized by a significant decrease in transmission signal (median 0.86 vs. 0.91, p = 0.04) and increase in dark-field signal (median 0.71 vs. 0.65, p = 0.04). Median contrast-to-noise ratios for the visualization of lung nodules were 4.4 for transmission images and 1.7 for dark-field images (p = 0.04). CONCLUSION: Lung nodules can be visualized on all three radiograph modalities derived from grating-based X-ray imaging. However, our initial data suggest that grating-based multimodal X-ray imaging does not increase the sensitivity of chest radiographs for the detection of lung nodules.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Chest radiography; Lung tumors; X-ray dark-field imaging; X-ray phase-contrast imaging; Computed-tomography; Synchrotron-radiation; Cancer; Mice; Chest; Scattering; Phantom; Tissue; Ct
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1120-1797
e-ISSN 1724-191X
Zeitschrift Physica Medica: European Journal of Medical Physics
Quellenangaben Band: 30, Heft: 3, Seiten: 352-357 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Elsevier
Verlagsort Oxford
Begutachtungsstatus