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Metal-catalyzed inactivation of bovine glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase - role of thiols.

FEBS Lett. 396, 95-98 (1996)
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The role of thiols as oxidant scavengers during inactivation of bovine glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase by metal-catalyzed oxidation systems has been studied in vitro. Partial inactivation of the enzyme was achieved by the metal-catalyzed oxidation systems Fe(II)/H202/EDTA or Fe(II)/H202/ADP under specific conditions. When EDTA as chelator was present in the oxidation system, both cysteine and N-acetylcysteine at low concentrations (0.1-1 mM) drastically enhanced inactivation, while cysteinyl-glycine and glutathione did not. The thiol-mediated inactivation was inhibitable by superoxide dismutase. Depletion of enzyme activity by cysteine was paralleled by an increase of the carbonyl content, which indicates oxidative injury. However, when EDTA as chelator was replaced by the natural chelator ADP, all thiols studied acted as antioxidants. It is therefore concluded that the nature of the chelator as a constituent of the metal-catalyzed oxidation systems determines whether the antioxidative function of some thiols is shifted to a prooxidative function against glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0014-5793
e-ISSN 1873-3468
Journal FEBS Letters
Quellenangaben Volume: 396, Issue: 1, Pages: 95-98 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher Elsevier
Reviewing status Peer reviewed