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Identification of recurrent c.742G>T nonsense mutation in ECM1 in Pakistani families suffering from lipoid proteinosis.

Mol. Biol. Rep. 41, 2085-2092 (2014)
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Lipoid proteinosis (LP) is one of the rare, recessive autosomal disorders clinically characterized by widespread deposition of hyaline-like material in the skin, mucosa and viscera. Classical features include beaded eyelid papules, laryngeal infiltration and hoarseness of voice caused by pathogenic mutations in the ECM1gene located on 1q21.2. In present study ethnically different, three consanguineous Pakistani families with typical cutaneous features of LP were analysed to investigate the underlying molecular basis. PCR based linkage analysis using microsatellite markers localized the families to locus 1q21.2, harboring ECM1 gene. To identify the mutation in the candidate gene (ECM1), Sanger sequencing was carried out. All the families were found to carry c.742 G>T nonsense mutation in exon 7 of the ECM1 gene that resulted in a truncated ECM1 protein containing 247 amino acids instead of 540 (p.E248X). To further investigate the impact and importance of mutation in LP pathogenesis we applied different bioinformatics tools. In silico studies has predicted lack of functional domains and 65 % shorter ECM1 mutant protein. It is the first report of recurrence mutation from Pakistan as c.742G>T nonsense mutation was found in three ethnically different Pakistani families with LP. Study strengthens the conclusion that c.742G>T mutation is the pathological cause of LP. Furthermore, data also support the fact that exon 7 is one of the most common hot spots of pathological mutations in ECM1. The absence of functional domains and truncated sequence most likely contribute to the lack of ECM1 function and thereby influence several aspects of dermal homeostasis that leads to LP pathogenesis.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Extracellular matrix protein 1; Genodermatosis; Hyalinosis cutis et mucosae; Urbach-Wiethe disease; Extracellular-matrix Protein-1; Molecular-basis; Prediction; Gene; Skin; Localization; Expression; Cartilage; Interacts; Alignment
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