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Wang, W.* ; Haberer, G. ; Gundlach, H. ; Gläßer, C. ; Nussbaumer, T. ; Luo, M.C.* ; Lomsadze, A.* ; Borodovsky, M.* ; Kerstetter, R.A.* ; Shanklin, J.* ; Byrant, D.W.* ; Mockler, T.C.* ; Appenroth, K.J.* ; Grimwood, J.* ; Jenkins, J.* ; Chow, J.* ; Choi, C.* ; Adam, C.* ; Cao, X.H.* ; Fuchs, J.* ; Schubert, I.* ; Rokhsar, D.* ; Schmutz, J.* ; Michael, T.P.* ; Mayer, K.F.X. ; Messing, J.*

The Spirodela polyrhiza genome reveals insights into its neotenous reduction fast growth and aquatic lifestyle.

Nat. Commun. 5:3311 (2014)
Verlagsversion Volltext DOI
Open Access Gold
The subfamily of the Lemnoideae belongs to a different order than other monocotyledonous species that have been sequenced and comprises aquatic plants that grow rapidly on the water surface. Here we select Spirodela polyrhiza for whole-genome sequencing. We show that Spirodela has a genome with no signs of recent retrotranspositions but signatures of two ancient whole-genome duplications, possibly 95 million years ago (mya), older than those in Arabidopsis and rice. Its genome has only 19,623 predicted protein-coding genes, which is 28% less than the dicotyledonous Arabidopsis thaliana and 50% less than monocotyledonous rice. We propose that at least in part, the neotenous reduction of these aquatic plants is based on readjusted copy numbers of promoters and repressors of the juvenile-to-adult transition. The Spirodela genome, along with its unique biology and physiology, will stimulate new insights into environmental adaptation, ecology, evolution and plant development, and will be instrumental for future bioenergy applications.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Expansin Gene-expression; Brachypodium-distachyon; Arabidopsis-thaliana; Substitution Rate; Dna-sequences; Plants; Rice; Prediction; Identification; Evolution
ISSN (print) / ISBN 2041-1723
e-ISSN 2041-1723
Zeitschrift Nature Communications
Quellenangaben Band: 5, Heft: , Seiten: , Artikelnummer: 3311 Supplement: ,
Verlag Nature Publishing Group
Verlagsort London
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed