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Unraveling the equine lymphocyte proteome: Differential septin 7 expression associates with immune cells in equine recurrent uveitis.

PLoS ONE 9:e91684 (2014)
Publishers Version DOI PMC
Open Access Gold
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as soon as is submitted to ZB.
Equine recurrent uveitis is a spontaneous, lymphocyte-driven autoimmune disease. It affects horses worldwide and presents with painful remitting-relapsing inflammatory attacks of inner eye structures eventually leading to blindness. Since lymphocytes are the key players in equine recurrent uveitis, we were interested in potential changes of their protein repertoire which may be involved in disease pathogenesis. To create a reference for differential proteome analysis, we first unraveled the equine lymphocyte proteome by two-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfate - polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and subsequently identified 352 protein spots. Next, we compared lymphocytes from ERU cases and healthy horses with a two-dimensional fluorescence difference in gel electrophoresis approach. With this technique, we identified seven differentially expressed proteins between conditions. One of the significantly lower expressed candidates, septin 7, plays a role in regulation of cell shape, motility and migration. Further analyses revealed T cells as the main cell type with decreased septin 7 abundance in equine recurrent uveitis. These findings point to a possible pathogenetic role of septin 7 in this sight-threatening disease.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Blood Mononuclear-cells; Retinal S-antigen; Autoimmune Uveitis; Membrane-proteins; Mammalian Septins; Binding Protein; T-lymphocytes; Target Tissue; Identification; Autoantigens
Reviewing status