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Adler, K.* ; Mueller, D.B.* ; Achenbach, P.* ; Krause, S.* ; Heninger, A.K.* ; Ziegler, A.-G.* ; Bonifacio, E.*

Insulin autoantibodies with high affinity to the bovine milk protein alpha casein.

Clin. Exp. Immunol. 164, 42-49 (2011)
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Open Access Green möglich sobald Postprint bei der ZB eingereicht worden ist.
Insulin autoantibodies (IAA) can appear in children within months of introducing solid foods to the diet and before clinical type 1 diabetes. The aim of this study was to determine whether infant dietary antigens could be immunizing agents of IAA. To this end, IAA binding to [(125) I]insulin was competed with food preparations and extracts of foods encountered in the infant diet (milk formulas, bovine milk, wheat flour, fowl meal). Bovine milk powder extracts inhibited IAA-positive samples from six of 53 children (age 0·3-14·0 years) participating in German prospective cohorts. Inhibition in these sera ranged from 23 to 100%. Competition was abolished when hydrolyzed milk powder was used. Competition with protein components of bovine milk found that two of the six milk-reactive sera were inhibited strongly by alpha- and beta-casein; none were inhibited by the milk proteins bovine serum albumin or lactoglobulins. The two casein-reactive sera had high affinity to alpha-casein (1·7×10(9) ; 3·1×10(9)  l/mol), and lesser affinity to beta-casein (4·0×10(8) ; 7·0×10(7)  l/mol) and insulin (2·6×10(8) ; 1·6×10(8)  l/mol). No children with milk-reactive IAA developed autoantibodies to other islet autoantigens or diabetes (median follow-up 9·8 years). These results suggest that autoimmunity to insulin can occur infrequently via cross-reactivity to food proteins, but this form of IAA immunization does not appear to be associated with progression to diabetes.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0009-9104
e-ISSN 1365-2249
Quellenangaben Band: 164, Heft: 1, Seiten: 42-49 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Wiley
Verlagsort Oxford
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed
Institut(e) Institute of Diabetes Research Type 1 (IDF)
Institute of Diabetes and Obesity (IDO)
Institute for Pancreatic Beta Cell Research (IPI)