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Sabag, A.D.* ; Smolkin, T.* ; Mumblat, Y.* ; Ueffing, M. ; Kessler, O.* ; Gloeckner, C.J. ; Neufeld, G.*

The role of the plexin-A2 receptor in semaphorin-3A and semaphorin-3B signal transduction.

J. Cell Sci. 127, 5240-5252 (2014)
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Class-3 semaphorins are anti-angiogenic and anti-tumorigenic guidance factors that bind to neuropilins which in turn associate with class-A plexins to transduce semaphorin signals. To study the role of the plexin-A2 receptor in semaphorin signaling, we silenced its expression in endothelial cells and in glioblastoma cells. The silencing did not affect sema3A signaling which depended on neuropilin-1, plexin-A1 and plexin-A4, but abolished completely sema3B signaling which required in addition plexin-A4 and one of the two neuropilins. Interestingly, over-expression of plexin-A2 in plexin-A1 or plexin-A4 silenced cells restored responses to both semaphorins although it nullified their ability to differentiate between them, suggesting that when over-expressed plexin-A2 is functionally interchangeable with other class-A plexins. In-contrast, although plexin-A4 over-expression restored sema3A signaling in plexin-A1 silenced cells, it failed to restore sema3B signaling in plexin-A2 silenced cells. It follows that the identity of plexins in functional semaphorin receptors can be flexible depending on their expression level. Our results suggest that changes in the expression of plexins induced by microenvironmental cues can trigger differential responses of different populations of migrating cells to encountered gradients of semaphorins.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Cell Guidance ; Neuropilin ; Plexin ; Receptor Complex ; Semaphorin
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0021-9533
e-ISSN 1477-9137
Quellenangaben Band: 127, Heft: 24, Seiten: 5240-5252 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Company of Biologists
Verlagsort Cambridge
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed