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Grothusen, C.* ; Umbreen, S.* ; Konrad, I.* ; Stellos, K.* ; Schulz, C.* ; Schmidt, B.* ; Kremmer, E. ; Teebken, O.* ; Massberg, S.* ; Luchtefeld, M.* ; Schieffer, B.* ; Gawaz, M.*

EXP3179 inhibits collagen-dependent platelet activation via glycoprotein receptor-VI independent of AT1-receptor antagonism: Potential impact on atherothrombosis.

Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol. 27, 1184-1190 (2007)
Open Access Green as soon as Postprint is submitted to ZB.
Thrombus formation after atherosclerotic plaque rupture critically involves the platelet collagen receptor glycoprotein (GP) VI. We investigated the impact of EXP3179, an active metabolite of the angiotensin II type 1 (AT1)-receptor antagonist Losartan (LOS) on GPVI-dependent platelet activation. METHODS AND RESULTS: EXP3179 and LOS but not EXP3174--the major AT1-receptor blocking metabolite of LOS--dose-dependently inhibited collagen-I (P<0.01) and GPVI-dependent platelet aggregation (P<0.01) analyzed by optical aggregometry. Platelet activation was further determined by flow cytometry measuring the expression of platelet PAC-1, an epitope of the activated fibrinogen-receptor complex. EXP3179 and LOS inhibited collagen-I (P<0.01) and GPVI-dependent PAC-1 expression (P<0.01). EXP3179 and LOS but not EXP3174 decreased the adhesion of GPVI-receptor expressing Chinese hamster ovarian cells on collagen-I under arterial shear conditions determined by flow chamber analysis (P<0.01 and P<0.05). EXP3179 also reduced human atherosclerotic plaque material-induced platelet aggregation (P<0.01) in vitro and murine platelet adhesion after acute vessel injury in vivo as determined by intravital microscopy (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: EXP3179 acts as a specific inhibitor of the platelet collagen receptor GPVI independent of AT1-receptor antagonism. Further investigations may clarify its individual potential as a novel pharmacological approach to specifically inhibit atherothrombotic events by GPVI-receptor blockade.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords EXP3179; platelets; collagen; GPVI-receptor; atherothombosis
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1079-5642
e-ISSN 1524-4636
Quellenangaben Volume: 27, Issue: 5, Pages: 1184-1190 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Reviewing status Peer reviewed