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Chemical methods to reduce the radioactive contamination of animals and their products in agricultural ecosystems.
Sci. Total Environ. 137, 205-225 (1993)
After major nuclear accidents the most effective action to reduce activity levels in animal products is to provide uncontaminated feed or feed diluted with uncontaminated material. However, uncontaminated feed may not always be available in such situations. Therefore other effective procedures are needed to reduce activity levels which must be easy to apply, low in cost and have no side effects on animals and their products. Chemical substances administered as feed additive to housed or grazing animals act by influencing gut absorption or increasing the rate of excretion from blood and organs. The main chemical methods used are: (1) dilution of radionuclides by stable isotopes or analogeous inactive elements; and (2) natural or artificial binding agents. In this paper a summary and critical review of the different chemical methods described in the literature is given.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter countermeasures; radioecology; animals; metabolism; aagriculture
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0048-9697
Zeitschrift Science of the Total Environment, The
Quellenangaben Band: 137, Seiten: 205-225
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed
Institut(e) Institute of Radiation Protection (ISS)