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Development of screening tests for aneuploidy induction by environmental pollutants.

Environ. Health Perspect. 101, 5-9 (1993)
When legally required mutagenicity testing of chemicals is undertaken, the important genetic end point of aneuploidy is not included because validated test methods are lacking. Therefore, the Commission of the European Communities (CEC) has funded a research program to develop and validate tests for aneuploidy induction. Ten chemicals, selected on the basis of their ability to interact with cell organelles relevant for aneuploidy induction, were tested in 11 laboratories. The assays ranged from in vitro tubulin assembly studies to in vivo germ-cell tests. The results allow several conclusions: a) Fungal aneuploidy tests are not capable of detecting inhibitors of mammalian tubulin polymerization such as colchicine and vinblastine. Therefore, they will not play a role in screening for aneuploidy but are of value for studying the relationship between induced aneuploidy and recombination. b) Chemicals that induce aneuploidy in mammalian germ cells are readily detected in the in vitro mammalian cell systems. Some chemicals such as thiabendazole and thimerosal induce aneuploidy in vitro but do not appear to be very effective in vivo. c) Cell division aberrations induced in mammalian cells in vitro seem to be predictive for aneuploidy induction in the same cell type. Likewise, c-mitotic effects and cell cycle delay in vivo in mitotic and meiotic cells correlate with aneuploidy induction in the respective tissue. A second CEC Aneuploidy Program has started recently to refine the most promising test protocols, to provide understanding of the variety of mechanisms by which chemicals induce aneuploidy, and to establish a data base for aneugens among environmental pollutants.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0091-6765
e-ISSN 1552-9924
Quellenangaben Volume: 101, Issue: , Pages: 5-9 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher Research Triangle Park
Publishing Place NC [u.a.]
Reviewing status Peer reviewed