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The substrate specificity of proteinase B from Baker's yeast.

Biochim. Biophys. Acta 661, 136-141 (1981)
Verlagsversion DOI
Open Access Green möglich sobald Postprint bei der ZB eingereicht worden ist.
The substrate specificity of proteinase B (EC 3.4.22.9) from Baker's yeast was studied. Experiments with unblocked synthetic peptides indicated that the enzyme has no aminopeptidase activity. The proteinase cleaves trypsin substrates like Bz-Arg-OEt, Bz-Arg-pNA and Bz-Ile-Glu-Gly-Arg-pNA and chymotrypsin substrates like Ac-Tyr-OEt and Bz-Tyr-pNA. The Km value for Ac-Tyr-OEt is similar to that of chymotrypsin A, but the catalytic activity per mol proteinase B amounts to only 1 20 that of chymotrypsin A. Km and kcat for Bz-Arg-OEt are 1 50 and 1 7 as high as the corresponding values determined for trypsin. Proteinase B cleaved the oxidized insulin B chain with an initial rapid cleavage step at Leu(15)-Tyr(16) and Phe(24)-Phe(25). Slower hydrolysis was observed at Gln(4)-His(5), Leu(11)-Val(12) Tyr(16)-Leu(17), Leu(17)-Val(18), Arg(22)-Gly(23) and Phe(25)-Tyr(26). These results suggest that the specificity of proteinase B is comparable to the specificity of porcine chymotrypsin C as well as of trypsin. When the hexapeptide Leu-Trp-Met-Arg-Phe-Ala was used as a substrate for proteinase B, the enzyme preferentially attacked at Arg-Phe and more slowly at Trp-Met.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter (baker's Yeast) ; Proteinase B ; Substrate Specificity
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0006-3002
Quellenangaben Band: 661, Heft: 1, Seiten: 136-141 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Elsevier
Institut(e) Institut für Toxikologie und Biochemie