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Merk, L.* ; Kloos, M. ; Schönwitz, R.* ; Ziegler, H.*

Influence of various factors on quantitative composition of leaf monoterpenes of Picea abies (L.) Karst.

Trees-Struct. Funct. 2, 45-51 (1988)
DOI
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The extractable monoterpenes from needles of two groups of trees - 4-year-old clonal and 20-year-old wild trees - were studied with respect to the influence of individual constitution, needle age, whorl position, and position on branch. Leaf terpene amounts from clonal trees are significantly affected by age and position of the whorl, whereas position on the branch is of minor importance. Developing needles of clonal trees are most strongly affected by age and whorl position and they differ markedly from mature needles in quantitative terpene composition. Wild trees exhibit a very high variation from tree to tree, which obscures the influence of needle age and position. For this reason meaningful tree leaf terpene data will only be derived if large samples of needles of different ages are collected from distinct positions. When comparing different trees, needles should be selected that not only have the same state of development, but also originate from identical positions and have been subjected to the same light treatment.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords (mono) Terpenes ; Needle ; Picea Abies ; Variability
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0931-1890
e-ISSN 1432-2285
Quellenangaben Volume: 2, Issue: 1, Pages: 45-51 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher Springer
Publishing Place Berlin ; Heidelberg ; New York
Reviewing status Peer reviewed