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Witt, S. ; Leidl, R. ; Becker, C. ; Holle, R. ; Block, M.* ; Brachmann, J.* ; Silber, S.* ; Stollenwerk, B.

The effectiveness of the cardiovascular disease prevention programme 'KardioPro' initiated by a German sickness fund: A time-to-event analysis of routine data.

PLoS ONE 9:e114720 (2014)
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BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the developed world. To reduce this burden of disease, a German sickness fund ('Siemens-Betriebskrankenkasse', SBK) initiated the prevention programme 'KardioPro' including primary (risk factor reduction) and secondary (screening) prevention and guideline-based treatment. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of 'KardioPro' as it is implemented in the real world. METHODS: The study is based on sickness fund routine data. The control group was selected from non-participants via propensity score matching. Study analysis was based on time-to-event analysis via Cox proportional hazards regression with the endpoint 'all-cause mortality, acute myocardial infarction (MI) and ischemic stroke (1)', 'all-cause mortality (2)' and 'non-fatal acute MI and ischemic stroke (3)'. RESULTS: A total of 26,202 insurants were included, 13,101 participants and 13,101 control subjects. 'KardioPro' enrolment was associated with risk reductions of 23.5% (95% confidence interval (CI) 13.0-32.7%) (1), 41.7% (95% CI 30.2-51.2%) (2) and 3.5% (hazard ratio 0.965, 95% CI 0.811-1.148) (3). This corresponds to an absolute risk reduction of 0.29% (1), 0.31% (2) and 0.03% (3) per year. CONCLUSION: The prevention programme initiated by a German statutory sickness fund appears to be effective with regard to all-cause mortality. The non-significant reduction in non-fatal events might result from a shift from fatal to non-fatal events.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1932-6203
Journal PLoS ONE
Quellenangaben Volume: 9, Issue: 12, Pages: , Article Number: e114720 Supplement: ,
Publisher Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Publishing Place Lawrence, Kan.
Reviewing status Peer reviewed