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Reincke, M.* ; Sbiera, S.* ; Hayakawa, A.* ; Theodoropoulou, M.* ; Osswald, A.* ; Beuschlein, F.* ; Meitinger, T. ; Mizuno-Yamasaki, E.* ; Kawaguchi, K.* ; Saeki, Y.* ; Tanaka, K.* ; Wieland, T. ; Graf, E. ; Saeger, W.* ; Ronchi, C.L.* ; Allolio, B.* ; Buchfelder, M.* ; Strom, T.M. ; Fassnacht, M.* ; Komada, M.*

Mutations in the deubiquitinase gene USP8 cause Cushing's disease.

Nat. Genet. 47, 31-38 (2015)
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Cushing's disease is caused by corticotroph adenomas of the pituitary. To explore the molecular mechanisms of endocrine autonomy in these tumors, we performed exome sequencing of 10 corticotroph adenomas. We found somatic mutations in the USP8 deubiquitinase gene in 4 of 10 adenomas. The mutations clustered in the 14-3-3 protein binding motif and enhanced the proteolytic cleavage and catalytic activity of USP8. Cleavage of USP8 led to increased deubiqutination of the EGF receptor, impairing its downregulation and sustaining EGF signaling. USP8 mutants enhanced promoter activity of the gene encoding proopiomelanocortin. In summary, our data show that dominant mutations in USP8 cause Cushing's disease via activation of EGF receptor signaling.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1061-4036
e-ISSN 1546-1718
Journal Nature Genetics
Quellenangaben Volume: 47, Issue: 1, Pages: 31-38 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Publishing Place New York, NY
Reviewing status Peer reviewed