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Schunk, M. ; Reitmeir, P. ; Schipf, S.* ; Völzke, H.* ; Meisinger, C. ; Ladwig, K.-H. ; Kluttig, A.* ; Greiser, K.H.* ; Berger, K.U.* ; Müller, G.* ; Ellert, U.* ; Neuhauser, H.* ; Tamayo, T.* ; Rathmann, W.* ; Holle, R.

Health-related quality of life in women and men with type 2 diabetes: A comparison across treatment groups.

J. Diab. Complic. 29, 203-211 (2015)
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Aim: This study compares health-related quality of life (HRQL) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) across treatment groups and explores gender differences. Methods: Four regional surveys (KORA, CARLA, SHIP, DHS) and a national survey (GNHIES98) were pooled at individual level. HRQL was assessed with the SF-12/-36v1. Linear regression models were used to assess the effect of T2DM by treatment type (no medication; oral; oral/insulin combination; insulin) on the physical (PCS-12) and mental summary score (MCS-12) and the SF-6D, controlling for age, sex, study and covariates. We also performed an explanatory analysis of single items. Results: PCS-12 scores and treatment type were associated (P-value 0.006), with lowest values for insulin treatment (-4.44 vs. oral; -4.41 vs. combination). MCS-12 scores were associated with treatment type and gender (P-value <. 0.012), with lower scores for women undergoing oral (-4.25 vs. men) and combination treatment (-6.99 vs. men). Similar results were observed for SF-6D utilities and single items, related to mental health, social functioning, vitality and role limitation (emotional). Comorbidities were predictors of lower PCS-12 and SF-6D scores. Conclusions: T2DM treatment impacts differently on physical and mental HRQL and on women and men. Further studies of gender-specific perceptions of T2DM treatment regimens are needed.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Gender ; Hrql ; Sf-12 ; T2dm ; Treatment; Glycemic Control; Care; Population; Adults; Management; Sample; Mortality; Appraisal; Mellitus; Validity
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1056-8727
e-ISSN 1056-8727
Quellenangaben Volume: 29, Issue: 2, Pages: 203-211 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher Elsevier
Publishing Place New York
Reviewing status Peer reviewed