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Complement component C5 recruits neutrophils in the absence of C3 during respiratory infection with modified vaccinia virus Ankara.
J. Immunol. 194, 1164-1168 (2015)
Efficient leukocyte migration is important for an effective host response to viral infection and the development of adaptive immunity. The poxvirus strain modified vaccinia virus Ankara (MVA), a safe and efficient viral vector, rapidly induces chemokine expression and respiratory recruitment of leukocytes, which is unique among vaccinia viruses. In addition to chemokines, the complement system contributes to the attraction and activation of different types of leukocytes. Using a murine model of intranasal infection, we show in this study that MVA-induced neutrophil recruitment depends on complement component C5. Remarkably, we find that C5 mediates neutrophil recruitment to the lung, even in the absence of the central complement component C3. Our findings argue for complement C5 activation during MVA infection of the lung via a C3-independent pathway, which enables rapid recruitment of neutrophils.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter 5th Component; Chemokine Generation; Activation; Cells; Pathway; Macrophages; Chemotaxis; Expression; Induction; Secretion
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0022-1767
Zeitschrift Journal of Immunology
Quellenangaben Band: 194, Heft: 3, Seiten: 1164-1168
Verlag American Association of Immunologists
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed