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Severin, F. ; Stollenwerk, B. ; Holinski-Feder, E.* ; Meyer, E. ; Heinemann, V.* ; Giessen-Jung, C.* ; Rogowski, W.H.

Economic evaluation of genetic screening for Lynch syndrome in Germany.

Genet. Med. 17, 765-773 (2015)
Verlagsversion Postprint DOI
Open Access Green
Purpose:Lynch syndrome (LS) screening among patients with newly diagnosed colorectal cancer can decrease mortality in their affected first-degree relatives. In Germany, it is not yet clinical practice and the cost-effectiveness of different testing strategies is unknown.Methods:We developed a decision-analytic model to analyze the cost-effectiveness of LS screening from the perspective of the German Statutory Health Insurance system. A total of 22 testing strategies considering family-history assessment, analysis of tumor samples (i.e., immunohistochemistry (IHC), microsatellite instability, and BRAF mutation testing) and genetic sequencing were analyzed. Life-years gained in relatives by closed-meshed colonoscopy and aspirin prophylaxis were estimated by Markov models. Uncertainty was assessed deterministically and probabilistically.Results:On average, detected mutation carriers gained 0.52 life-years (undiscounted: 1.34) by increased prevention. Most strategies were dominated, with three exceptions: family assessment by the Bethesda criteria followed by IHC and BRAF testing and genetic sequencing; IHC and BRAF testing and genetic sequencing; and direct sequencing of all index patients. Their incremental cost-effectiveness was [euro ]77,268, [euro ]253,258, and [euro ]4,188,036 per life-year gained, respectively.Conclusion:The results were less favorable than those of previous models. Chemoprevention appears to provide comparably low additional benefit and improves cost-effectiveness only slightly.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Cost-effectiveness ; Germany ; Individualized Healthcare ; Lynch Syndrome ; Screening
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1530-0366
e-ISSN 1098-3600
Zeitschrift Genetics in Medicine
Quellenangaben Band: 17, Heft: 10, Seiten: 765-773 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Verlagsort Baltimore, Md.