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Altenburg, N.* ; Joraschky, P.* ; Barthel, A.* ; Bittner, A.* ; Pohlmann, K.* ; Rietzsch, H.* ; Fischer, S.* ; Mennicken, G.* ; Koehler, C.M.* ; Bornstein, S.R.*

Alcohol consumption and other psycho-social conditions as important factors in the development of diabetic foot ulcers.

Diabetic Med. 28, 168-174 (2011)
DOI Order publishers version
Open Access Green as soon as Postprint is submitted to ZB.
AIMS: To characterize bio-psycho-social factors, particularly mental disorders and self-harm behaviour, associated with the development of diabetic foot ulcers. METHODS: Two groups of diabetic patients with and without foot ulcers (n=47 in each group) with similar sex, age and diabetes duration were assessed for mental disorders using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview. Self-harm behaviour, quality of life, depressive symptoms and self-compassion were rated using different standard questionnaires. RESULTS: Patients from the ulcer group visited their practitioners and/or psychotherapists less frequently in the last 12 months than patients in the control group 0 vs. 13%; P=0.026). The ulcer group patients had a history of increased alcohol consumption (43 vs. 19%; P=0.025), lower levels of education (8 vs. 10 grades; P=0.014) and income (1190 vs. 1535 €/month; P=0.039). Additionally, they were less likely to be diagnosed with anxiety disorders (11 vs. 32%; P=0.022). No significant differences in glycated haemoglobin, body mass index, smoking and direct self-harm behaviour were identified. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with foot ulcers tend to exhibit lower health-conscious behaviour, particularly higher lifetime alcohol consumption, lower utilization of medical services and less general anxiety. Practitioners should be aware of these behaviours, since early detection of diabetes patients at psycho-social risk and consecutive psychological intervention may be an effective preventive strategy in avoiding the development of foot ulcers.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0742-3071
e-ISSN 1464-5491
Quellenangaben Volume: 28, Issue: 2, Pages: 168-174 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher Wiley
Reviewing status Peer reviewed
Institute(s) Institute for Pancreatic Beta Cell Research (IPI)