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Chung, K.F.* ; Qin, N.* ; Androutsellis-Theotokis, A.* ; Bornstein, S.R.* ; Ehrhart-Bornstein, M.*

Effects of dehydroepiandrosterone on proliferation and differentiation of chromaffin progenitor cells.

Mol. Cell. Endocrinol. 336, 141-148 (2011)
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Open Access Green möglich sobald Postprint bei der ZB eingereicht worden ist.
Dehydroepiandrosterone producing adrenocortical zona reticularis and the adrenal medulla are in direct contact and are highly intermingled in many species. This results in potentially strong paracrine influences of high local dehydroepiandrosterone concentrations on the adrenal medulla. Dehydroepiandrosterone has neuroprotective properties and increases neural stem cell proliferation and neurogenesis. Therefore, we aimed to establish its effects on chromaffin progenitor cell proliferation and differentiation. Previously, we successfully isolated chromaffin progenitors from bovine adrenal medulla in spherical cultures, so-called chromospheres. Seven days treatment of chromospheres with dehydroepiandrosterone at high concentrations (100 μM) hampered proliferation of chromaffin progenitors. Under differentiation conditions, dehydroepiandrosterone in the presence of retinoic acid, increased tyrosine hydroxylase and decreased dopamine-β-hydroxylase mRNA expression. In addition, there was a tendency to increase dopamine contents. Dehydroepiandrosterone/retinoic acid is therefore suggested to induce dopaminergic differentiation from chromaffin progenitor cells. Furthermore, the high dehydroepiandrosterone concentrations present in the fetal and adult adrenal may play an important role in adrenomedullary cell proliferation and differentiation.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0303-7207
e-ISSN 1872-8057
Quellenangaben Band: 336, Heft: 1-2, Seiten: 141-148 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Elsevier
Verlagsort Shannon
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed
Institut(e) Institute for Pancreatic Beta Cell Research (IPI)