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The effects of the endothelium on adrenal steroidogenesis and growth are mainly mediated by proteins other than endothelin-1.
Horm. Metab. Res. 42, 840-845 (2010)
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The endothelium releases factors stimulating the adrenal cortex. It is also known that endothelin-1 (ET-1) promotes generation of cortisol and aldosterone, and proliferation of adrenocortical cells. The aim of the study was to find out whether the effect of the endothelium on adrenocortical cells is dominated by the action of ET-1. The effects of endothelial cell-conditioned medium (ECCM), obtained during growth of human umbilical cord vein endothelial cells, on aldosterone and cortisol release by cells of the adrenocortical cancer cell-line NCI-H295R and the promoter activity of steroidogenic acute-regulatory protein (StAR) were studied. The effect of ECCM on proliferation of human primary normal adrenocortical and NCI-H295R cells was also investigated. Concentration-dependent increases in cortisol release that reached 192.7 ± 62.8 in percent of basal secretion, in aldosterone release that reached 188.2 ± 52.3 in percent of basal secretion, and in proliferation after stimulation with ECCM at concentrations of 10-50% were found. ECCM significantly activated the StAR promoter 3-fold in NCI-H295R cells if the ECCM was not pretreated with pronase. These effects of the endothelium were not reversed after co-incubation with endothelin receptor antagonists and could not be mimicked by incubation with endothelin-1. In conclusion, the cultured endothelial cells secrete a protein that stimulates steroidogenesis in adrenal cells and their growth. It was also shown that the ET-1 does not mediate the effect of ECCM on the NCI-H295R cell line.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0018-5043
Zeitschrift Hormone and Metabolic Research
Quellenangaben Band: 42, Heft: 12, Seiten: 840-845
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed
Institut(e) Institute for Pancreatic Beta Cell Research (IPI)