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Fernandez-Solari, J.* ; Prestifilippo, J.P.* ; Vissio, P.* ; Ehrhart-Bornstein, M.* ; Bornstein, S.R.* ; Rettori, V.* ; Elverdin, J.C.*

Anandamide injected into the lateral ventricle of the brain inhibits submandibular salivary secretion by attenuating parasympathetic neurotransmission.

Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res. 42, 537-544 (2009)
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Our objective was to determine the effect of arachidonylethanolamide (anandamide, AEA) injected intracerebroventricularly (icv) into the lateral ventricle of the rat brain on submandibular gland (SMG) salivary secretion. Parasympathetic decentralization (PSD) produced by cutting the chorda tympani nerve strongly inhibited methacholine (MC)-induced salivary secretion while sympathetic denervation (SD) produced by removing the superior cervical ganglia reduced it slightly. Also, AEA (50 ng/5 microL, icv) significantly decreased MC-induced salivary secretion in intact rats (MC 1 microg/kg: control (C), 5.3 +/- 0.6 vs AEA, 2.7 +/- 0.6 mg; MC 3 microg/kg: C, 17.6 +/- 1.0 vs AEA, 8.7 +/- 0.9 mg; MC 10 microg/kg: C, 37.4 +/- 1.2 vs AEA, 22.9 +/- 2.6 mg). However, AEA did not alter the significantly reduced salivary secretion in rats with PSD, but decreased the slightly reduced salivary secretion in rats with SD (MC 1 microg/kg: C, 3.8 +/- 0.8 vs AEA, 1.4 +/- 0.6 mg; MC 3 microg/kg: C, 14.7 +/- 2.4 vs AEA, 6.9 +/- 1.2 mg; P < 0.05; MC 10 microg/kg: C, 39.5 +/- 1.0 vs AEA, 22.3 +/- 0.5 mg; P < 0.001). We showed that the inhibitory effect of AEA is mediated by cannabinoid type 1 CB1 receptors and involves GABAergic neurotransmission, since it was blocked by previous injection of the CB1 receptor antagonist AM251 (500 ng/5 microL, icv) or of the GABA A receptor antagonist, bicuculline (25 ng/5 microL, icv). Our results suggest that parasympathetic neurotransmission from the central nervous system to the SMG can be inhibited by endocannabinoid and GABAergic systems.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0100-879X
e-ISSN 1414-431X
Zeitschrift Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
Quellenangaben Band: 42, Heft: 6, Seiten: 537-544 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Assoc. Brasileira de Divulgacão
Verlagsort São Paulo
Institut(e) Institute for Pancreatic Beta Cell Research (IPI)