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Goettsch, C.* ; Goettsch, W.* ; Arsov, A.* ; Hofbauer, L.C.* ; Bornstein, S.R.* ; Morawietz, H.*

Long-term cyclic strain downregulates endothelial Nox4.

Antioxid. Redox Signal. 11, 2385-2397 (2009)
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Open Access Green as soon as Postprint is submitted to ZB.
Endothelial cells in vivo are constantly exposed to mechanical forces such as cyclic strain. In endothelial cells, Nox4-containing NAD(P)H oxidase complexes have been identified as major sources of superoxide anion (.O(2)(-)) formation. In this study, we analyzed the effect of cyclic strain on endothelial ROS formation by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, cytochrome c assay, and dihydroethidium fluorescence, on NO formation by Griess reaction and on gene expression by RT-PCR and Western blot. Primary cultures of human umbilical vein endothelial cells were exposed to 2-18% cyclic strain for up to 24 h using the Flexercell system. Long-term application of 5-12% cyclic strain downregulated Nox4 expression and ROS formation in a time-dependent manner. Downregulation of Nox4 was further confirmed by promoter analysis using dual-luciferase assay. Cu/Zn SOD, MnSOD, and catalase expression was decreased after application of chronic 12% cyclic strain. In contrast, endothelial NO formation and eNOS were increased by cyclic strain. Strain-dependent Nox4 downregulation was abolished by eNOS inhibition with L-NAME. In conclusion, physiological levels of cyclic strain downregulate Nox4 expression and superoxide anion formation. This novel mechanism might contribute to a vasoprotective balance between NO and superoxide anions in response to physiological mechanical stimulation of endothelial cells.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1523-0864
e-ISSN 1557-7716
Quellenangaben Volume: 11, Issue: 10, Pages: 2385-2397 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher Mary Ann Liebert
Reviewing status Peer reviewed
Institute(s) Institute for Pancreatic Beta Cell Research (IPI)