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Lorber, B.* ; Chew, D.J.* ; Hauck, S.M. ; Chong, R.S.* ; Fawcett, J.W.* ; Martin, K.R.*

Retinal glia promote dorsal root ganglion axon regeneration.

PLoS ONE 10:e0115996 (2015)
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Open Access Gold
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Axon regeneration in the adult central nervous system (CNS) is limited by several factors including a lack of neurotrophic support. Recent studies have shown that glia from the adult rat CNS, specifically retinal astrocytes and Müller glia, can promote regeneration of retinal ganglion cell axons. In the present study we investigated whether retinal glia also exert a growth promoting effect outside the visual system. We found that retinal glial conditioned medium significantly enhanced neurite growth and branching of adult rat dorsal root ganglion neurons (DRG) in culture. Furthermore, transplantation of retinal glia significantly enhanced regeneration of DRG axons past the dorsal root entry zone after root crush in adult rats. To identify the factors that mediate the growth promoting effects of retinal glia, mass spectrometric analysis of retinal glial conditioned medium was performed. Apolipoprotein E and secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC) were found to be present in high abundance, a finding further confirmed by western blotting. Inhibition of Apolipoprotein E and SPARC significantly reduced the neuritogenic effects of retinal glial conditioned medium on DRG in culture, suggesting that Apolipoprotein E and SPARC are the major mediators of this regenerative response.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Receptor-related Protein-1; Apolipoprotein-e; Neurite Outgrowth; Mesangial Cells; Spinal-cord; In-vitro; Sparc; Survival; Lipoproteins; Osteonectin
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1932-6203
Journal PLoS ONE
Quellenangaben Volume: 10, Issue: 3, Pages: , Article Number: e0115996 Supplement: ,
Publisher Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Publishing Place Lawrence, Kan.
Reviewing status Peer reviewed