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Molecular cytogenetic analysis of a de novo balanced X;autosome translocation: Evidence for predominant inactivation of the derivative X chromosome in a girl with multiple malformations.
Am. J. Med. Genet. A 126A, 229-236 (2004)
We report on the characterization of a de novo, apparently balanced translocation t(X;15)(p11.3;q26) detected in a girl with multiple congenital malformations. Replication banding studies on Epstein–Barr virus transformed peripheral blood lymphocytes revealed non-random X chromosome inactivation with predominant inactivation of the derivative X chromosome. Using chromosomal fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), we located the breakpoints to a 30 kb region on the short arm of the X chromosome band p11.3 and to a 160 kb region defined by BAC RP11-89K11 on the long arm of chromosome 15. Our data suggest that the disruption/disturbance of plant homeo domain (PHD) zinc finger gene KIAA0215 or of another gene (RGN, RNU12, P17.3, or RBM10) in the breakpoint region on the X chromosome is not well tolerated and leads to the selection of cells with an active non-rearranged X chromosome.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords X; 15 translocation; X inactivation; chromosomal breakpoint mapping; mental retardation; KIAAO215; PHD zinc finger; RGN