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Fukunaga-Kalabis, M.* ; Heppt, M.* ; Wang, J.* ; Hristova, D.* ; Wei, Z.* ; Irmler, M. ; Berking, C.* ; Besch, R. ; Beckers, J. ; Rauscher, F.J.* ; Fisher, D.E.* ; Herlyn, M.*

MSX1-induced neural crest-like reprograming promotes melanoma progression.

J. Invest. Dermatol. 135, S111 (2015)
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Melanoma cells share many biological properties with neural crest cells. Here, we show that the homeodomain transcription factor Msh homeobox 1 (MSX1), which is essential for neural crest specification, reprograms melanocytes towards a neural crest precursor-like state. MSX1-reprogrammed melanocytes express the neural crest marker p75 and are able to differentiate into neuronal and mesenchymal lineages. Mechanistically, MSX1 suppresses the proximal promoter of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF), the master transcriptional regulator of melanogenesis. MSX1 expression is also significantly correlated with melanoma progression. MSX1 prompts melanoma cell motility and depletion of MSX1 significantly inhibits melanoma metastasis. These results demonstrate that not only can neural crest-like reprogramming in melanocytes be achieved by a single factor, but also that similar dedifferentiation is a critical process for melanoma progression.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Meeting abstract
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0022-202X
e-ISSN 1523-1747
Konferenztitel AACR Special Conference on Advances in Melanoma: From Biology to Therapy
Konferzenzdatum 20-23 September 2014
Konferenzort Philadelphia, PA, USA
Quellenangaben Band: 135, Heft: , Seiten: S111 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Elsevier
Verlagsort New York, NY
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed