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Dopico, X.C.* ; Evangelou, M.* ; Ferreira, R.C.* ; Guo, H.* ; Pekalski, M.L.* ; Smyth, D.J.* ; Cooper, N.* ; Burren, O.S.* ; Fulford, A.J.* ; Hennig, B.J.* ; Prentice, A.M.* ; Ziegler, A.-G. ; Bonifacio, E.* ; Wallace, C.* ; Todd, J.A.*

Widespread seasonal gene expression reveals annual differences in human immunity and physiology.

Nat. Commun. 6:7000 (2015)
Publ. Version/Full Text DOI
Open Access Gold
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
Seasonal variations are rarely considered a contributing component to human tissue function or health, although many diseases and physiological process display annual periodicities. Here we find more than 4,000 protein-coding mRNAs in white blood cells and adipose tissue to have seasonal expression profiles, with inverted patterns observed between Europe and Oceania. We also find the cellular composition of blood to vary by season, and these changes, which differ between the United Kingdom and The Gambia, could explain the gene expression periodicity. With regards to tissue function, the immune system has a profound pro-inflammatory transcriptomic profile during European winter, with increased levels of soluble IL-6 receptor and C-reactive protein, risk biomarkers for cardiovascular, psychiatric and autoimmune diseases that have peak incidences in winter. Circannual rhythms thus require further exploration as contributors to various aspects of human physiology and disease.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords C-reactive Protein; Circadian Clock; Infectious-diseases; Systems Biology; Receptor; Mechanisms; Light; Susceptibility; Interleukin-6; Autoimmunity
ISSN (print) / ISBN 2041-1723
e-ISSN 2041-1723
Quellenangaben Volume: 6, Issue: , Pages: , Article Number: 7000 Supplement: ,
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Publishing Place London
Reviewing status Peer reviewed
Institute(s) Institute of Diabetes Research Type 1 (IDF)
Institute for Pancreatic Beta Cell Research (IPI)