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Laurent, S.A.* ; Hoffmann, F.S.* ; Kuhn, P.H.* ; Cheng, Q.* ; Chu, Y.* ; Schmidt-Supprian, M.* ; Hauck, S.M. ; Schuh, E.* ; Krumbholz, M.* ; Rübsamen, H.* ; Wanngren, J.* ; Khademi, M.* ; Olsson, T.* ; Alexander, T.* ; Hiepe, F.* ; Pfister, H.W.* ; Weber, F.* ; Jenne, D. ; Wekerle, H.* ; Hohlfeld, R.* ; Lichtenthaler, S.F.* ; Meinl, E.*

γ-secretase directly sheds the survival receptor BCMA from plasma cells.

Nat. Commun. 6:7333 (2015)
Verlagsversion DOI
Open Access Gold
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
Survival of plasma cells is regulated by B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA), a membrane-bound receptor activated by its agonist ligands BAFF and APRIL. Here we report that γ-secretase directly cleaves BCMA, without prior truncation by another protease. This direct shedding is facilitated by the short length of BCMA's extracellular domain. In vitro, γ-secretase reduces BCMA-mediated NF-κB activation. In addition, γ-secretase releases soluble BCMA (sBCMA) that acts as a decoy neutralizing APRIL. In vivo, inhibition of γ-secretase enhances BCMA surface expression in plasma cells and increases their number in the bone marrow. Furthermore, in multiple sclerosis, sBCMA levels in spinal fluid are elevated and associated with intracerebral IgG production; in systemic lupus erythematosus, sBCMA levels in serum are elevated and correlate with disease activity. Together, shedding of BCMA by γ-secretase controls plasma cells in the bone marrow and yields a potential biomarker for B-cell involvement in human autoimmune diseases.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Memory B-cells; Central-nervous-system; Multiple-sclerosis; Maturation Antigen; Humoral Immunity; Member April; Bone-marrow; Nzb/w Mice; Tnf Family; Baff
ISSN (print) / ISBN 2041-1723
e-ISSN 2041-1723
Zeitschrift Nature Communications
Quellenangaben Band: 6, Heft: , Seiten: , Artikelnummer: 7333 Supplement: ,
Verlag Nature Publishing Group
Verlagsort London
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed