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Sommer, C.M.* ; Schwarzwälder, C.B.* ; Stiller, W.* ; Schindera, S.T.* ; Heye, T.* ; Stampfl, U.* ; Bellemann, N.* ; Holzschuh, M.* ; Schmidt, J.* ; Weitz, J.* ; Grenacher, L.* ; Kauczor, H.U.* ; Radeleff, B.A.*

Dual-energy CT-cholangiography in potential donors for living-related liver transplantation: Improved biliary visualization by intravenous morphine co-medication.

Eur. J. Radiol. 81, 2007-2013 (2012)
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PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate whether intravenous morphine co-medication improves bile duct visualization of dual-energy CT-cholangiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty potential donors for living-related liver transplantation underwent CT-cholangiography with infusion of a hepatobiliary contrast agent over 40 min. Twenty minutes after the beginning of the contrast agent infusion, either normal saline (n=20 patients; control group [CG]) or morphine sulfate (n=20 patients; morphine group [MG]) was injected. Forty-five minutes after initiation of the contrast agent, a dual-energy CT acquisition of the liver was performed. Applying dual-energy post-processing, pure iodine images were generated. Primary study goals were determination of bile duct diameters and visualization scores (on a scale of 0 to 3: 0--not visualized; 3--excellent visualization). RESULTS: Bile duct visualization scores for second-order and third-order branch ducts were significantly higher in the MG compared to the CG (2.9±0.1 versus 2.6±0.2 [P<0.001] and 2.7±0.3 versus 2.1±0.6 [P<0.01], respectively). Bile duct diameters for the common duct and main ducts were significantly higher in the MG compared to the CG (5.9±1.3 mm versus 4.9±1.3 mm [P<0.05] and 3.7±1.3 mm versus 2.6±0.5 mm [P<0.01], respectively). CONCLUSION: Intravenous morphine co-medication significantly improved biliary visualization on dual-energy CT-cholangiography in potential donors for living-related liver transplantation.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0720-048X
e-ISSN 0720-048X
Zeitschrift European Journal of Radiology
Quellenangaben Band: 81, Heft: 9, Seiten: 2007-2013 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Elsevier
Begutachtungsstatus
Institut(e) Institute for Pancreatic Beta Cell Research (IPI)