Pathway- or disease-associated genes may participate in more than one transcriptional co-regulation network. Such gene groups can be readily obtained by literature analysis or by high-throughput techniques such as microarrays or protein-interaction mapping. We developed a strategy that defines regulatory networks by in silico promoter analysis, finding potentially co-regulated subgroups without a priori knowledge. Pairs of transcription factor binding sites conserved in orthologous genes (vertically) as well as in promoter sequences of co-regulated genes (horizontally) were used as seeds for the development of promoter models representing potential co-regulation. This approach was applied to a Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young (MODY)-associated gene list, which yielded two models connecting functionally interacting genes within MODY-related insulin/glucose signaling pathways. Additional genes functionally connected to our initial gene list were identified by database searches with these promoter models. Thus, data-driven in silico promoter analysis allowed integrating molecular mechanisms with biological functions of the cell.